The cork harvesting process
Parramon Exportap carefully monitors each of the stages of the cork harvesting process in order to guarantee that the raw material obtained is of the highest quality.
The cork is harvested from the cork oak in a way that is 100% environmentally friendly. Cork harvesting is a sustainable activity that makes it possible to produce top quality products while also caring for the environment. The process involves removing the bark without the need for felling the tree.
Harvesting also contributes towards the conservation of the Mediterranean area’s cork oak forests, protecting them from desertification, fires and other environmental threats that could lead to their disappearance.
The cork is harvested in summer, mainly in July, when it can be removed from the tree without damaging it.
The first harvest is taken from each tree when it is around 25 years old, through a completely harmless process. Subsequently, trees may be debarked every 9-11 years, allowing the cork oaks to reach ages of around 250-300 years old.
The stoppers that Parramon Exportap produces for wines and distillates are made using cork from the third debarking, which is the highest quality batch.
Forest Stewardship Council Spain (FSC-ES)
The Forest Stewardship Council was founded in California in 1990. A group of timber users and traders, together with representatives from environmental and human rights organisations, identified the need for a system of credibly identifying well-managed forests as the sources of responsibly produced wood products.
Parramon Exportap works under FSC standards.
Carbon footprint (CO2)
The cork sector contributes to reduce de carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and as a reslut helps to mitigate the climate change. Specifically, 3,4 tonnes of CO2 are emmitted for the productions of each ton of cork. From de process of extracting the cork bark, to the production of the cork stoppers. Despite these emissions, 18 tones of CO2 are fixed per ton thanks to the existence of cork forests; Thus the positive balance is 14,6 tonnes of CO2 that are fixed thanks to the cork industry.
Cork is a natural, renewable and local material that can help to reduce the environmental impact of products. The use of cork stoppers contributes to reducing the carbon footprint of beverages such as wines, champagnes, beers, ciders, brandies and many others beverages. So, natural cork stoppers contribute to fix 234 g of CO2 per stopper thanks to conservation of oak forests, while champagne cork stoppers contribute by fixing 12 g.
Different authors had found that GWP (Global Warming Potencial) associated to a 75 cl wine bottle was between 0.6 and 1.3 kg CO2 eq. The carbon footprint of wine bottles can be reduced by between 18 and 40% when a natural cork stopper is used.
Parramon Exportap, as an environmentally friendly company we find it very interesting and we are proud to be able to work with a natural product that provides benefit and reduces the greenhouse effect compared to other synthetic products.
- The emissions of an aluminum screw cap is 24 times higher: 37 kilos of CO2 per 1,000 units.
- The emissions of a plastic cap is 10 times higher: 15 kilos of CO2 per 1,000 units
However, natural cork stoppers release a negative emissions figure, equivalent to -112 kilos of CO2 per 1,000 units.
The ICSURO fundation coordinates the edition of the mini-guide that talks about the new cork aplications, we recommend you to check it up. ICSURO.com